Published Date: 2003-05-24 23:50:00
Subject: PRO/AH> Avian influenza - Germany (05): OIE
Archive Number: 20030524.1283
AVIAN INFLUENZA - GERMANY (05): OIE
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: 24 May 2003
From: ProMED-mail <email@example.com>
Source: Office International des Epizooties (OIE), Disease Information
Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Germany
Follow-up report No. 1
Information received on 22 May 2003 from Dr Karin Schwabenbauer, Head,
Animal Health Division, Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and
End of previous report periods: 9 and 13 May 2003
End of this report period: 22 May 2003.
On 13 May 2003, a case of highly pathogenic avian influenza was detected in
a flock of around 30 000 broilers in the municipality of Schwalmtal,
district of Viersen, State of North Rhine-Westphalia. No further cases of
highly pathogenic avian influenza have been detected in Germany.
All other states are free from highly pathogenic avian influenza.
Consequently, European Commission Decision 2003/358/EC of 16 May 2003
(Official Journal No. L 123 p. 55) lays down restriction measures for North
Rhine-Westphalia only. These restriction measures currently apply until 30
The Ordinance on additional protective measures against highly pathogenic
avian influenza of 16 May 2003 (Federal Gazette p. 10949) has incorporated
the protective measures under Community law into German law. Moreover,
additional protective measures have been taken throughout Germany as well
as in North Rhine-Westphalia:
- Total standstill imposed on all transport of live poultry, hatching eggs,
and poultry slurry.
- The entire poultry flock affected by the disease, as well as the contact
flocks, were destroyed immediately and safely disposed of after the
official determination of disease suspicion (approximately 80 000 animals).
- Within a radius of 3 km around the outbreak, all poultry flocks were
destroyed and safely disposed of within 48 hours after the suspected
presence of avian influenza had been established.
- Within a radius of 10 km, a protection zone was established, followed by
a surveillance zone with a further radius of 10 km, with a total standstill
on movements of live poultry.
Measures currently in effect in Germany:
- Neither live poultry (chickens, guinea fowl, turkeys, ducks, geese,
pheasants, partridges, quails, and doves), hatching poultry eggs, nor
untreated or non-heat-treated slurry or bedding material from poultry
flocks in North Rhine-Westphalia Land may be transported to other regions
of Germany, other European Union Member States, or third countries.
Exemptions apply to the region east of the river Rhine for slaughter
poultry and baby chicks, subject to official authorisation.
- Fresh poultry meat from the protection zone established in North
Rhine-Westphalia may only be sold within Germany (with specific labelling)
and must be produced, cut, transported, and stored separately.
- Within North Rhine-Westphalia, all events involving poultry have been
banned. A ban has been imposed on the free-range husbandry of poultry until
9 June 2003 in the regions close to the border between Germany and The
- Table eggs may only be transported from the holdings with laying hens to
the point of packaging either in one-way packages or in containers that
have been cleaned and disinfected before and after use.
- Slaughter poultry intended for immediate slaughter may only be
transported in lorries and in boxes or cages cleaned and disinfected before
and after use.
- Baby chicks may only be transported in one-way packing material, which is
to be destroyed after use.
- In addition, the movement of people on poultry farms has been restricted
in North Rhine-Westphalia, and appropriate protective measures have been
adopted for people handling poultry.