Published Date: 2003-06-28 23:50:00
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Libya: OIE (02)
Archive Number: 20030628.1590
FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - LIBYA: OIE (02)
A ProMED-mail post
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International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Sat, 28 Jun 2003
From: ProMED-mail <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Source: OIE Disease Information Vol 16, No 26, 27 Jun 2003 [edited]
Foot and mouth disease in Libya: Follow-up report No. 1
Information received on 25 Jun 2003 from Dr Giuma Hallul, Director of the
Animal Health Department, General Popular Committee of Animal Resources,
End of previous report period: 18 Jun 2003
End of this report period: 25 Jun 2003.
Location/ No. of outbreaks
Total number of animals in the new outbreaks:
species/ susceptible/ cases/ deaths/ destroyed/ slaughtered
bovine/ 50/ 10/ 0/ 50/ 0
A. Laboratory where diagnosis was made: Institute for Animal Health,
Pirbright Laboratory, United Kingdom (OIE Reference Laboratory for foot and
mouth disease [FMD]).
B. Diagnostic tests used: ELISA [enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay], virus
neutralisation test performed with BTY [primary bovine thyroid cells] and
IB-RS-2 [pig kidney cell line] cells.
C. Causal agent: FMD virus serotype SAT 2.
Epidemiology: this is the first time the strain involved (SAT 2) has been
recorded in Libya.
Control measures during reporting period:
- stamping out;
- movement control inside the country;
[The previous, initial report on the occurrence of FMDV type SAT2 in Libya
mentioned 5 cases in bovines, which were not destroyed nor slaughtered. The
current report says that all 50 susceptible exposed bovines, of which 10
were reportedly infected, have been destroyed. This step seems necessary in
light of the seriousness of the threat.
According to FAO statistics, the animal population of Libya includes 152
000 bovines, 6.4 million ovines and 2.2 million caprines. Preventing the
introduction of the SAT 2 virus into small ruminants, which may become
subsequently virus carriers for an unpredictable period (theoretically, up
to several months), will need significant efforts. -Mod. AS].