Published Date: 2006-02-05 23:50:00
Subject: PRO/AH> Trichinellosis, human - Russia: background
Archive Number: 20060205.0368
TRICHINELLOSIS, HUMAN - RUSSIA: BACKGROUND
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Sun 5 Feb 2006
From: Steve Berger <email@example.com>
Source: Gideon online [edited]
Background data on trichinellosis in Russia and other former Soviet republics
1383 cases (2 fatal) of trichinellosis were reported in the Russian
Federation during 1995 to 1997 and 514 cases in 2004. _Trichinella
pseudospiralis_ is found in sylvatic animals (raccoon dog, corsac
fox, tiger cat, tawny eagle, and rook) in remote regions (Caucasus,
1984 - Outbreaks (36 cases in 2 outbreaks) in Rostov Province were
caused by infested pork.
1992 (publication year) - An outbreak (30 cases, approximate) of
human infection was reported in Kamchatka from local domestic pigs,
and brown rats were found to be infected at the time.
1997 - An outbreak (61 or more cases) was ascribed to bear meat in
Zima (Siberia), with additional cases in Sayansk, Angarsk and Irkutsk.
1998 - An outbreak (9 cases) followed ingestion of barbecued badger
meat in Samara.
2000 - An outbreak (448 cases) in Krasnodar Region was related to a
2002 - An outbreak (71 cases) in Khakassia and Kemerovo (Siberia) was
ascribed to smoked bear meat.
2004 - An outbreak (4 cases) in Tula, Tulskaya oblast was associated
with eating a farm dog.
2004 - An outbreak (3 cases) in Kabardino-Balkaria District was
associated with undercooked pork.
2005 - An outbreak (25 cases) in Kochkovsky district, Novosibirsk was
caused by shish kebabs prepared from badger meat.
2005 - An outbreak (5 cases) in Buyatiya Republic was associated with
tainted dog meat.
2005 - An outbreak (12 cases) in Buryatiya Republic was associated
with bear meat.
2006 - An outbreak (5 cases) in Kemerovo was associated with bear meat.
[Even though wildlife is the main source of infection in the
outbreaks reported above, infected pork is also a risk. The many
outbreaks illustrate that trichinellosis is still a real risk in
Russia and in other former Soviet countries, even when consumption of
wildlife is disregarded. - Mod.EP]