Published Date: 2006-09-30 00:00:00
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Equine infectious anemia - Germany: OIE
Archive Number: 20060930.2800
EQUINE INFECTIOUS ANEMIA - GERMANY: OIE
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: 29 Sep 2006
Source: OIE Disease Alert 29 Sep 2006 [edited
Equine infectious anemia in Germany: (Date of previous outbreak of
equine infectious anaemia in Germany reported to the OIE: June 2002).
Information received on 29 Sep 2006 from Prof. Dr. Werner Zwingmann,
Chief Veterinary Officer, Ministry of Consumer Protection, Food and
Report date: 29 Sep 2006.
Reason for immediate notification: re-occurrence of a listed disease
or infection in a country following a report declaring the outbreak(s) ended.
Identification of agent: equine infectious anaemia virus.
Date of first confirmation of the event: 22 Sep 2006.
Date of start of the event: 19 Sep 2006.
Nature of diagnosis: clinical and laboratory.
Two outbreaks of equine infectious anaemia have been reported in Thueringen:
- Hohenfelden: 27 susceptible animals, 4 cases, 1 death and 8 destroyed.
- Isseroda: 2 susceptible animals, 1 case and 1 destroyed.
Description of affected populations: horses, donkeys.
Laboratory where diagnostic tests were performed: Landesamt fuer
Lebensmittelsicherheit und Verbraucherschutz (Regional Reference Laboratory).
Diagnostic tests used: agar-gel immunodiffusion (AGID).
Source of outbreaks or origin of infection: unknown or inconclusive.
[A map showing the Thuringen region is available at
The distribution of equine infectious anemia (EIA) is interesting in
the sense that some countries (covering a wide area) in Europe are
affected, while others have been free of the disease for
decades. For example, Denmark last saw EIA in 1928, Norway in 1975,
Poland in 1960, Hungary in 1965, Spain in 1983 and U.K. in 1976. On
the other hand, the following countries have all reported the disease
within the last 5 years: Ireland, Germany, France, Greece, Austria,
Ukraine and Lithuania. It is hard to discern a geographic pattern
but that is what makes epidemiology so interesting. - Mod.PC]