Published Date: 2011-06-25 15:47:00
Subject: PRO/EAFR> Cholera - Nigeria (09): (Niger), confirmed
Archive Number: 20110625.224562
CHOLERA - NIGERIA (09): (NIGER), CONFIRMED
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Sat 25 Jun 2011
Source: The Guardian (Nigeria) [edited]
13 Feared Killed In Niger's Cholera Outbreak
About 13 persons have been reported dead following the outbreak of cholera in Niger State, Dr. Usman Mohammed, the state Director of Primary Health Services disclosed yesterday [24 June 2011] in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Minna.
He explained that out of the 32 samples of the 457 cases reported to the Health Ministry, 18 of them were confirmed to have contacted cholera. "The state had recorded 13 deaths from the confirmed cases of cholera, following the outbreak of the disease from 1 Jun 2011 to date. All the cases of cholera recorded in the state are confined to Minna, the state capital, although we have reported cases of diarrhea in Paikoro and Bosso local government areas," he said.
He attributed the outbreak of the disease to the use of contaminated water for domestic purposes by the victims, adding, "We ask the public to boil their water before drinking." Mohammed urged the public to always wash their hands after eating or after visiting the toilets or bathroom to guard against bacterial infection.
He said the state government had provided free medication for people suffering from the disease at the Minna General Hospital and other public health institutions. He said that public sensitisation about the disease had been intensified through the mass media and the use of public vans, to broadcast the measures to take to avoid contacting the disease.
Mohammed said the Ministry of Health was collaborating with Doctors Without Borders, an NGO [non-governmental organization], to provide medical services to the people affected by the disease. He called on the people suffering from the disease to report to the medical facility nearest to them for treatment and avoid self-medication.
Meanwhile, about 5 million children under the age of 5 years die of diarrhoea annually in Nigeria, a pediatrician, Prof. Abiodun Johnson has said. Johnson disclosed this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Ibadan on Thursday [23 Jun 2011] after delivering a lecture on "Death of the Child with Gastro-Hepatic Disorder" at the 4th Scientists Conference of the Society for Gastroenterology and Hepatology in Nigeria, held at the University of Ibadan in Oyo State.
Johnson, a professor from the Texas Technology University of Health Sciences, School of Medicines, Amarillo, Texas, identified under-nutrition as the major cause of diarrhoea in children. According to him, children with this disease lose protein and carbohydrates from their body, a development which he said led to kwashiorkor (swollen stomach, hands and feet). He said that children with such health condition risked the chance of dying if proper treatment was not administered on them immediately.
The pediatrician maintained that there was the need for the government to provide potable water and electricity to reduce the deadly disease in Nigeria. Johnson said that constant power supply would ensure that foods were properly preserved in the refrigerator.
He advised mothers to ensure that they gave their children clean water and healthy food to prevent the diseases. "Children can also have diarrhoea when they are not given balanced diet," he noted.
[Byline: Matthew Onah]
[Niger state in Nigeria has confirmed an outbreak of cholera that started on 1 Jun 2011. The authorities and partners have mobilised resources to control the outbreak.
A map showing the states in Nigeria can be seen at
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/States_of_Nigeria and the HealthMap/ProMED-mail interactive map of the country can be seen at
http://healthmap.org/r/0Yr_. - Mod.JFW]