Published Date: 2012-01-08 12:43:04
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Equine herpesvirus, equine - North America: USA (NC)
Archive Number: 20120108.1003516
EQUINE HERPESVIRUS, EQUINE - NORTH AMERICA: USA (NORTH CAROLINA)
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Fri, 6 Jan 2012
Source: N.C. Department of Agriculture - News Release [edited]
Virus affecting horses found at N.C. stable
The neurologic form of equine herpesvirus, EHV-1, has been confirmed in a North Carolina horse. The horse, from a Rockingham County stable, was taken to the College of Veterinary Medicine at N.C. State University upon becoming ill, and directly quarantined to the equine isolation unit of the hospital.
“We have been fortunate that we’ve not seen this particular form of this common virus in North Carolina to date, even though it has been increasing in frequency throughout the country for almost a decade now,” said State Veterinarian David Marshall. “We are working with the College of Veterinary Medicine and with the stable to implement biosecurity measures and minimize the risk of further spread.”
EHV-1 is highly contagious among horses, but poses no threat to humans. It most often causes respiratory infections in young horses, but different strains can also pose neurologic problems, which the affected N.C. horse exhibited. The virus also can cause abortion in pregnant horses or neonatal death. Vaccines are available that protect horses from most forms of EHV-1, but not from the strains that cause neurologic problems.
Biosecurity measures to protect horses include quarantining facilities that are suspected to house EHV-1-exposed horses. Water and feed buckets should be disinfected and not shared. Stalls and trailers should also be cleaned and disinfected regularly to prevent the spread of disease. New additions or those returning from shows and exhibitions should be isolated for 3 weeks prior to comingling with other horses upon returning home. Horse owners should also talk with their veterinarian to determine a vaccine schedule.
More information about EHV-1 and how to prevent the virus can be found at http://www.ncagr.gov/vet/Disease Alerts.htm.
[The above URL for more information about EHV-1 includes the following Equine Herpesvirus (EHV-1) Resources:
1. EHV-1 Overview (University of California, Davis, School of Veterinary Medicine) http://www.vetmed.ucdavis.edu/ceh/ehv1_general.cfm
2. Frequently Asked Questions about EHV/EHM for Horse Owners - PDF (American Assoociation of Equine Practicioners) http://www.aaep.org/images/files/FAQforEquineHerpesvirus(final)051911.pdf
3. EHV/EHM Brochure for Horse Owners - PDF (USDA-APHIS) http://www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahss/equine/ehv/equine_herpesvirus_brochure_2009.pdf
4. EHV-1 Webinar for Horse Owners - Webinar presented by Drs. Paul Lunn and Paul Morley on 24 May 2011 ("Equine Herpesvirus-1 (EHV-1): What Horse Owners Should Know"). http://www.thehorse.com/Videos/Webinars.aspx
5. USDA Equine Biosecurity Brochure - PDF (available in Spanish as well through USDA/APHIS) http://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/animal_health/content/printable_version/HorseBioSecurity_final.pdf
6. AAEP EHV Control Guidelines. http://www.aaep.org/images/files/EquineHerpesvirusGuidelines051711.pdf
Subscribers are referred to Mod. TG commentary on the disease in posting 20111027.3190. - Mod. AS]
[For a map of the state of North Carolina showing counties, see http://www.digital-topo-maps.com/county-map/north-carolina.shtml. Rockingham county is in the north-central part of the state bordering with the state of Virginia. For the HealthMap/ProMED interactive map of North Carolina, see http://healthmap.org/r/1s-V - Mod.MPP]