Published Date: 2012-09-18 22:19:49
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola virus disease - DRC (14): (OR) WHO
Archive Number: 20120918.1299232
EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE - DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (14): (ORIENTALE) WHO
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Tue 18 Sep 2012
Source: WHO Global Alert and Response [edited]
As of 15 Sep 2012, 46 cases (14 laboratory confirmed, 32 probable) with Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) have been reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Of these 19 have been fatal (6 confirmed, 13 probable).
The cases reported are from 2 health zones of Isiro and Viadana in Haut-Uele district in Province Orientale. Additionally, 26 suspected cases have been reported and are being investigated.
The MoH continues to work with partners to control the outbreak. Active epidemiological investigation is being done to identify all possible chains of transmission of the illness, and ensure that appropriate measures are immediately taken to interrupt the transmission, and stop the outbreak.
A National Task Force convened by the MoH is working with partners including Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), US Agency for International Development (USAID), US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and WHO, to control the outbreak.
WHO and the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN) are providing support by deploying experts to the field to work with partners in the areas of coordination, infection prevention and control (IPC), surveillance, epidemiology, public information and social mobilization, anthropological analysis and logistics for outbreak response.
With respect to this event, WHO does not recommend that any travel or trade restrictions be applied to the DRC.
General information on Ebola subtypes
There are 5 identified subtypes of Ebola virus. The subtypes have been named after the location they have been 1st detected in Ebola outbreaks. Three subtypes of the 5 have been associated with large Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) outbreaks in Africa. Ebola-Zaire, Ebola-Sudan and Ebola-Bundibugyo. EHF is a febrile haemorrhagic illness which causes death in 25-90 percent of all cases. The Ebola Reston species, found in the Philippines, can infect humans, but no illness or death in humans has been reported to date.
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Marianne Hopp
[This WHO report updates the numbers of cases over the past week. The 12 Sep 2012 figures (see ProMED-mail archive no.20120917.1297865) indicated that there were 41 cases (9 laboratory confirmed, and 32 probable) reported from Haut-Uele district in Province Orientale. Of these cases, 18 were fatal (5 confirmed and 13 probable). 18 healthcare workers are included among the probable cases. Also under investigation were 28 reported suspected cases. In the current report, above, there are as of 15 Sep 2012, 46 cases (14 laboratory confirmed, 32 probable), an increase of 5 cases. Of these 19 have been fatal (6 confirmed, 13 probable), an increase of one fatality. An additional 26 suspected cases are under investigation, one fewer than in the previous report.
A map of the provinces of DRC is available at
A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/r/1Ahy. - Mod.TY]