Published Date: 2012-09-27 22:41:38
Subject: PRO/AH/EDR> Ebola virus disease - Congo DR (15): (OR) WHO
Archive Number: 20120927.1312872
EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE - DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (15): (ORIENTALE), WHO
A ProMED-mail post
ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
Date: Thu 27 Sep 2012
Source: World Health Organization (WHO), CSR, Disease Outbreak News [edited]
As of Mon 24 Sep 2012, 51 cases (19 laboratory confirmed, 32 probable) of Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) have been reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Of these, 20 have been fatal (7 confirmed, 13 probable). The cases reported are from the Isiro and Viadana health zones in Haut-Uele district in Orientale Province. To date, 28 suspected cases have been reported and are being investigated.
The Ministry of Health (MoH) continues to work with partners, under the National Task Force, which includes: WHO; Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF); the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC); US Agency for International Development (USAID); US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC); and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) to identify all possible chains of transmission of the illness and ensure that appropriate measures are taken to interrupt transmission and stop the outbreak.
Response operations continue in the areas of: Coordination; infection prevention and control (IPC); surveillance and epidemiology; case management; public information and social mobilization; psychosocial support; anthropological analysis; and logistics. Current activities include: training for health managers and heads of clinic services to strengthen surveillance; outreach to schools through principals, teachers and students; psychosocial support to affected families, particularly in Isiro and surrounding areas, where the latest cases are being detected, and to health care workers; training of social workers who are providing support in the Ebola treatment rooms; and interpersonal communication skills training for frontline staff. Local community-based radio has also broadcast programmes to provide information and address the concerns of the local populations.
WHO and the Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN) have deployed experts to support operational response. Technical support has been further strengthened with an infection prevention and control expert to assist in preventing disease transmission in health care and community settings.
***With respect to this event, WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restrictions be applied to the DRC.***
General information on controlling infection of EHF in health-care settings:
Human-to-human transmission of the Ebola virus is primarily associated with direct contact with blood and body fluids. Transmission to healthcare workers has been reported when appropriate infection control measures have not been observed. Health-care workers caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus need to apply infection control measures to avoid any exposure to the patient's blood and body fluids and/or direct unprotected contact with the possibly contaminated environment. It is important that standard precautions, particularly hand hygiene, the use of gloves and other personal protective equipment, safe injection practices, and other measures, are applied to all patients in all health care settings.
ProMED-mail Rapporteur Marianne Hopp
[As of 15 Sep 2012, 46 cases (14 laboratory confirmed, 32 probable) of Ebola haemorrhagic fever (EHF) had been reported in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Of these, 19 have been fatal (6 confirmed, 13 probable). Thus, during the past 9 days, the number of cases has increased by 5 (all confirmed cases), with 32 cases remaining as probable cases. The number of fatalities has increased by one (a confirmed case), with 13 fatalities remaining classified as probable. The number of suspected but not yet confirmed cases has increased from 26 to 28.
All the cases identified so far remain restricted to the health zones of Isiro and Viadana in Haut-Uele district in Orientale Province of the Democratic Republic of Congo.
A map of the provinces of DRC is available at: http://www.mapsofworld.com/democratic-republic-of-congo/democratic-republic-of-congo-political-map.html.
The interactive ProMED-mail/HealthMap can be accessed at: http://healthmap.org/r/1Ahy. - Mod.CP]